Recuperación psicosocial y reintegración de los pacientes quemados
13. Blumenfield M, Reddish P. Identification of psychologic impairment in patients with mild-moderate thermal injury: small burn, big
problem. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 1987; 9:142-146. 14. Korloff B. Social and economic consequences of deep burns. In: Wallace AB,
Wilkinson AW, eds. Research in burns: transactions of the 2nd International Congress on Research in Burns. Edinburgh, Scotland:
Livingstone; 1996. 15. Tudahl LA, Blades BC, Munster AM. Sexual satisfaction in burn patients. J Burn Care Rehabil 1987; 8:292-293. 16.
Bernstein NR. Objective bodily damage: disfigurement and dignity. In: Cash TF, Pruzinsky T, eds. Body images; development, deviance,
and change. New York: Guilford; 1990. 17. Rosenberg M, Blakeney P, Robert R, et al. Quality of life of young adults who survived
pediatric burns. Submitted for publication, 2006. 18. Blakeney P, Herndon D, Desai M, et al. Long-term psychological adjustment
following burn injury. J Burn Care Rehabil 1988; 9(6):661-665. 19. Fauerbach JA, Lawrence JW, Haythornthwaite J, et al. Preinjury
psychiatric illness and postinjury adjustment in adult burn survivors. Psychosomatics 1996; 37(6):547-555. 20. Fauerbach J, Lawrence
J, Munster A, et al. Prolonged adjustment difficulties among those with acute post trauma distress following burn injury. Behav Med
1999; 22:359-378. 21. Fauerbach JA, Heinberg LJ, Lawrence JW, et al. Effect of early body image dissatisfaction on subsequent
psychological and physical adjustment after disfiguring injury. Psychosom Med 2000; 62:576-582. 22. Patterson D, Ptacek J, Cromes F,
et al. Describing and predicting adjustment in burn survivors. J Burn Care Rehabil 2000; 21(6):490-498. 23. Blakeney P, Portman S,
Rutan R. Familial values as factors influencing long-term psychosocial adjustment of children after severe burn injury. J Burn Care
Rehabil 1990; 11(6):472-475. 24. LeDoux J, Meyer W, Blakeney P, et al. Relationship between parental emotional states, family
environment and the behavioral adjustment of pediatric burn survivors Burns 1998; 24:425- 432. Bibliografía 25. Rosenberg L,
Blakeney P, Thomas CR, et al. The value of family support for young adults burned during childhood. Submitted for publication, 2006.
26. Blakeney P, Meyer WJ. Psychological aspects of burn care. Trauma Q 1994; 11(2):166-179. 27. Kjaer G. Psychiatric aspects of
thermal burns. Northwest Med 1969; 68:537-541. 28. Morris J, McFadd A. The mental health team on a burn unit. A multidisciplinary
approach. J Trauma 1978; 18(9):658-663. 29. Ochitill H. Psychiatric consultation to the burn unit: the psychiatrists perspective.
Psychosomatics 1984; 25(9):689, 697-698, 701. 30. Knudson-Cooper M. Emotional care of the hospitalized burned child. J Burn Care
Rehabil 1982; 3:109-116. 31. Watkins P, Cook E, Mary R, Ehleben C. Psychological stages in adaptation following burn injury: a method
for facilitating psychological recovery of burn victims. J Burn Care Rehabil 1988; 9(4):376-384. 32. Tucker P. Psychosocial problems
among adult burn victims. Burns 1987; 13(1):7-14. 33. Shenkman B, Stechmiller J. Patient and family perception of projected
functioning after discharge from a burn unit. Heart Lung 1987; 16(5):490-496. 34. Luther S, Price J. Burns and their psychological
effects on children. J School Health 1981; 51:419-422. 35. Davidson T, Bowden M, Feller I. Social support and post-burn adjustment.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1981; 62:274-277. 36. Stoddard F. Psychiatric management of the burned patient. In: Martyn JAJ, ed. Acute
care of the burn patient. Orlando, FL: Grune and Stratton; 1990:256-272. 37. Rosenberg L, Robert R, Meyer W, et al. Helping Hispanic
families cope with the loss of family members. Proceedings of the American Burn Association 31st Annual Meeting, Vol. 20(1, part 2),
Abstract #95. Buena Vista, FL (3/26/99). 38. Sue DW, Bernier JE, Durran A, et al. Position paper: crosscultural counseling competencies.
Counseling Psychologist 1982; 10:45-52. 39. Battaglia B. Meeting the demands of cross cultural counseling. Cross Cultural Connections
2001; 6(4):3. 40. Paniagua FA. Assessing and treating culturally diverse clients, 2nd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 1998:5-19. 41.
Cuellar I. Acculturation and mental health: ecological transactional relations of adjustment. In: Cuellar I, Paniagua FA, eds. Handbook of
multicultural mental health. New York: Academic Press; 2000:45-62. 42. Angel RJ, Williams R. Cultural models of health and illness. In:
Cuellar I, Paniagua FA, eds. Handbook of multicultural mental health. New York: Academic Press; 2000:25-44. 43. Gomez-Beloz A,
Chavez N. The botánica as a culturally appropriate health care options for Latinos. J Altern Complement Med 2001; 7(5):537-546. 44.
Brockway JA, Fordyce WE. Psychological assessment and management. In: Kottke FJ, Lehmann JF, eds. Krusens handbook of physical
medicine and rehabilitation, 4th edn. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1990:153-170. 45. Blakeney P, Moore P, Meyer W, et al. Early
identification of longterm problems in the behavioral adjustment of pediatric burn survivors and their parents. Proc Am Burn Assoc,
Albuquerque, NM. 1995:vol. 27. 46. Meyer W, Murphy L, Robert R, et al. Changes in adaptive behavior among pediatric burn survivors
over time. Proc Am Burn Assoc 1998; 19(1, part 2), Abstract #84. 47. Goodstein R. Burns: an overview of clinical consequences
affecting patient, staff, and family. Compr Psychiatry 1985; 26(1):43-57. 48. Roberts J, Browne G, Streiner D, et al. Analyses of coping
responses and adjustment: stability of conclusions. Nurs Res 1987; 36(2):94-97. 49. Byrne C, Love B, Browne G, et al. The social
competence of children following burn injury: a study of resilence. J Burn Care Rehabil 1986; 7:247-252. 50. Blakeney P, Meyer W,
Moore P, et al. Social competence and behavioral problems of pediatric survivors of burns. J Burn Care Rehabil 1993; 14:65-72. 51.
Blakeney P, Moore P, Meyer W, et al. Early identification of longterm problems in the behavioral adjustment of pediatric burn survivors
and their parents. Proc Am Burn Assoc 27, Albuquerque, NM: 1995. 52. Meyer W, Murphy L, Robert R, et al. Changes in adaptive
behavior among pediatric burn survivors over time. Proc Am Burn Assoc 1998; 19(1, part 2), Abstract #84. 53. Darko D, Wachtel T,
Ward H, et al. Analysis of 585 burn patients hospitalized over a 6-year period. Part III: psychosocial data. Burns 1986; 12:395-401. 54.
Knudson-Cooper M, Leuchtag A. The stress of a family move as a precipating factor in childrens burn accidents. J Hum Stress 1982;
June:32-38. 55. Noyes R, Frye S, Slyment D, et al. Stressful life events and burn injuries. J Trauma 1979; 19(3):141-144. 56. Fauerbach
JA, Lawrence J, Richter D, et al. Preburn psychiatric history affects posttrauma morbidity. Psychosomatics 1997; 38(4):374-385. 57.
Blank K, Perry S. Relationship of psychological process during delirium to outcome. Am J Psychiatry 1984; 141:843-847. 58. Haynes B,
Bright R. Burn coma: a syndrome associated with severe burn wound infection. J Trauma 1967; 7:464-475. 59. Cella D, Perry S,
Kulchycky S, et al. Stress and coping in relatives of burn patients: a longitudinal study. Hosp Comm Psychiatry 1988; 39(2):159-166. 60.
Rivlin E, Forshaw A, Polowyj G, et al. A multidisciplinary group approach to counseling the parents of burned children. Burns 1986; 12
(7):479-483. 61. Goodstein R. Burns: an overview of clinical consequences affecting patient, staff, and family. Compr Psychiatry 1985;
26(1):43-57. 62. Terry D. The needs of parents of hospitalized children. Childrens Health Care 1987; 16(1):18-20. 63. Kelley M, Jarvie
G, Middlebrook J, et al. Decreasing burned childrens pain behavior: impacting the trauma of hydrotherapy. J Appl Behav Anal 1984; 17
(2):147-158. 64. Kavanagh C. Psychological intervention with the severely burned child: report of an experimental comparison of two
approaches and their effects on psychological sequelae. J Am Acad Child Psychiatry 1983; 22(2):145-156. 65. Beales J. Factors
influencing the expectation of pain among patients in a childrens burns unit. Burns 1983; 9(3):187-192. 66. Baker C, Wong D.
Q.U.E.S.T.: a process of pain assessment in children. Orthop Nurs 1987; 6(1):11-21. 67. Elliot C, Olson R. The management of childrens
distress in response to painful medical treatment for burn injuries. Behav Res Ther 1983; 21(6):675-683. 68. Knudson-Cooper M.
Relaxation and biofeedback training in the treatment of severely burned children. J Burn Care Rehabil 1981; 2:103-110. 69. Hoffman
HG, Doctor JN, Patterson DR, et al. Virtual reality as an adjunctive pain control during burn wound care in adolescent patients. Pain
2000; 85(1-2):305-309. 70. Wakeman R, Kapan J. An experimental study of hypnosis in painful burns. Am J Clin Hypn 1978; 21(1):3-12.
71. May S, DeClement F. Effects of early hypnosis on the cardiovascular and renal physiology of burn patients. Burns 1983; 9(4):257-
266. 72. Kuttner L. Favorite stories: a hypnotic pain-reduction technique for children in acute pain. Am J Clin Hypn 1985; 28:289-295.
73. Abramson LY, Metalsky GI, Alloy LB. Hopelessness depression: a theory-based subtype of depression. Psychol Rev 1989; 96:358-
372. 74. Ehde DH, Patterson DR, Fordyce WE. The quota system in burn rehabilitation. J Burn Care Rehabil 1998; 19:436-440. 75.
Doctor ME, Burne B, Jarecke D. Through the eyes of a child: burn recovery. Denver, CO: Childrens Hospital, videotape, 1993. 76.
Langlois JH, Downs AC. Peer relations as a function of physical attractiveness: the eye of the beholder or behavioral reality? Child Dev
1979; 50:409-418. 77. Barden RC. The effects of crania-facial deformity, chronic illness, and physical handicaps on patient and familial
adjustment: research and clinical perspectives. In: Lahey BB, Kazdin AE, eds. Advances in clinical child psychology. New York: Plenum;
1990:vol 13:343-375. 78. Blakeney P. School reintegration. In: Tarnowski KJ, ed. Behavioral aspects of pediatric burns. New York:
Plenum; 1994:217-241. 79. Dobner D, Mitani M. Community reentry program. J Burn Care Rehabil 1988; 9(4):420-421. 80. James
Partridge of Changing Faces. Personal communication, 2005. 81. Doctor ME. Returning to school after a severe burn. In: Boswick JA Jr,
ed. The art and science of burn care. Rockville, MD: Aspen; 1987:323-328. 82. Blumenfield M, Schoeps M. Reintegrating the healed
burned adult into society: psychological problems and solutions. Clin Plast Surg 1992; 19(3):599-605. 83. Blakeney P, Moore P, Meyer
W, et al. Efficacy of school of reentry programs. J Burn Care Rehabil 1995; 16:469-472. 84. Fauerbach JA, Heltshe S, Lezotte DL, et al.
Early predictors of long term impairment following burn injury. Proc Am Burn Assoc 2006, U Burn Care Rehabil 2006; 27(2): Abstract
30, S64. 85. Institute of Medicine. Enabling America: assessing the role of rehabilitation science and engineering. Washington, DC:
National Academy; 1997. 86. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Long range plan and the new paradigm.
Washington DC, Department of Education, USA. 1999. 87. Meyer WJ, Russell W, Blakeney P, et al. Incidence of major psychiatric illness
in young adults who were burned as children. 35th Annual Meeting for the American Burn Association, Miami, FL (04/2/2003). 88.
Blakeney P, Thomas C, Berniger F, et al. Long term psychiatric disorder in adolescent burn survivors. Proceedings of the ABA 33rd
Annual Meeting, Vol. 22, Abstract #99, Boston, 2001. 89. Ehde DM, Patterson DR, Wiechman SA, et al. Post-traumatic stress symptoms
and distress following acute burn injury. Burns 1999; 25:587-592. 90. Ehde DM, Patterson DR, Wiechman SA, et al. Post-traumatic
stress symptoms and distress 1 year after burn injury. J Burn Care Rehabil 2000; 21:105-111. 91. Wiechman SA, Ptacek JT, Patterson
DR, et al. Rates, trends, and severity of depression after burn injuries. J Burn Care Rehabil 2001; 22(6):417-424. 92. Difede J, Ptacek JT,
Roberts J, et al. Acute stress disorder after burn injury: a predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder? Psychosom Med 2002; 64(5):826-
834. 93. Cromes GF, Holavanahalli R, Kowalske K, et al. Predictors of quality of life as measured by the Burn Specific Health Scale in
persons with major burn injury. J Burn Care Rehabil 2002; 23(3):229-234. 94. Fauerbach JA, Lezotte D, Cromes GF, et al. 2004
American Burn Association Clinical Research Award. Burden of burn: a normbased inquiry into the influence of burn size and distress
on recovery of physical and psychosocial function. J Burn Care Rehabil 2005; 26(1):21-32. 95. Kessler RC, Sonnega A, Bromet E, et al.
Postraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Sample. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1995; 52:1048-1060. 96. Taal LA, Faber AW.
Post traumatic stress, pain and anxiety in adult burn victims. Burns 1998; 23:545-549. 97. Fauerbach J, Lawrence J, Schmidt C, et al.
Personality predictors of injury-related PTSD. J Nerv Ment Dis 2000; 188:510-517. 98. Powers PS, Cruse CW, Daniels S, et al.
Posttraumatic stress disorder in patients with burns. J Burn Care Rehabil 1994; 15(2):147-153. 99. Saxe G, Stoddard F, Sheridan R.
PTSD in children with burns: a longitudinal study. J Burn Care Rehabil 1998; 19(1, part 2):S206. 100. Bryant RA. Predictors of post-
traumatic stress disorder following burn injury. Burns 1996; 22:89-92. 101. Williams D, Kiecolt-Glaser J. Self-blame, compliance and
distress among burn patients. J Person Soc Psychol 1987; 53:187-193. 102. Smith EM, North CS, McCool RE, et al. Acute postdisaster
psychiatric disorders: identification of persons at risk. Am J Psychiatry 1990; 147(2):202-206. 103. Heinberg LJ. Theories of body
image: perceptual, developmental, and sociocultural factors. In: Thompson JK, ed. Body image, eating disorders, and obesity: an
integrative guide to assessment and treatment. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 1996. 104. LeDoux JM, Meyer W,
Blakeney P, et al. Positive self-regard as a coping mechanism for pediatric burn survivors. J Burn Care Rehabil 1996; 17:472-476. 105.
Clyne W, Turner S. Perceived changes and adaptations in selfconcept following burn injury. Proc Am Burn Assoc Sci Meeting, #23.
1995. 106. Robert R, Bishop S, Murphy L, et al. The evolution of selfperception in children and adolescents post-burn injury. 8th
Congress of the European Burns Association, Marathon-Attica, Greece, 1999. 107. Pruzinsky T, Doctor ME. Body images and pediatric
burn injury. In: Tarnowski, K, ed. Behavioral aspects of pediatric burns. New York: Plenum; 1994:169-191. 108. Bull RHC, Rumsey N.
The social psychology of facial appearance. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1988. 109. La Greca AM, Dandes SK, Wick P, et al. The social
anxiety scale for children-revised: factor structure and concurrent validity. J Clin Child Psychol 1993; 22:17-27. 110. Ginsburg GS, La
Greca AM, Silverman WK. Social anxiety in children with anxiety disorders: relation with social and emotional functioning. J Abnorm
Child Psychol 1998; 26(3):175-185. 111. Blakeney P, Moore P, Broemeling L, et al. Parental stress as a cause and effect of pediatric
burn injury. J Burn Care Rehabil 1993; 14(1):73-79. 112. Meyer W, Blakeney P, Moore P, et al. Parental well-being and behavioral
adjustment of pediatric burn survivors. J Burn Care Rehabil 1994; 15:62-68. 113. Ware JE, Snow KK, Kosinski M, et al. SF-36 health
survey: manual and interpretation guide. Boston, MA: Nimrod; 1993. 114. Baker C, Mossberg K, Meyer W III, et al. Perceived health
status of young adults burned as children. Poster presented at 2003 APTA Combined Sections Meeting in Tampa, FL; 2002 TPTA Annual
Conference in Austin, TX; 2002 ISBI Conference in Seattle, WA and 2002 ABA Annual Conference in Chicago, IL. 115. Evans DR, Cope
WE. Quality of life questionnaire (QLQ). North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems; 1989. 116. Watson D, Pennebaker JW. Health
complaints, stress and distress: exploring the role of negative affectivity. Psychol Rev 1989; 96:234-254. 117. Foa EB, Keane TM,
Friedman MJ. Effective treatments for PTSD. New York: Guilford; 2000. 118. Bryant RA, Harvey AG. Acute stress disorder: a handbook
of theory, assessment and treatment. Washington, DC: Proc Am Psychol Assoc; 2000. 119. Robinson E, Rumsey N, Partridge J. An
evaluation of the impact of social interaction skills training for facially disfigured people. Br J Plast Surg 1996; 49:281-289. 120.
Blakeney P, Thomas C, Holzer C, et al. Efficacy of a short-term social skills training program for burned adolescents. J Burn Care Rehabil
2005; 26(6):546-555. 121. Rohe DE. Psychological aspects of rehabilitation. In: DeLisa JA, Gans BM, eds. Rehabilitation medicine:
principles and practice, 3rd edn. Philadelphia: Lipincott-Raven; 1998:189-212. 122. Heatherton TF, Kleck RE, Hebl MR, et al. The social
psychology of stigma. New York: Guilford; 2000. 123. The Phoenix Societys. Online. Available at: www.phoenixsociety.org.